The research section lists down all important reports and research articlesin the field of Internet shutdowns in India.
June 22, 2021
India experienced highest internet shutdowns in 2020 at 115; Some states 250% more likely to experience internet shutdowns than other states
A report on "Understanding India’s Troubling Rise in Internet Shutdowns: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis" authored by Dr. Kris Ruijgrok, a Dutch political analyst at the University of Amsterdam, found that India experienced the highest internet shutdown count in the world at 115. However, the report found that such shutdowns were not uniformly experienced across the country, noting that likelihood of internet shutdowns in states ruled by a certain political dispensation currently having majority at the Centre is more than 250% higher than states not governed by said dispensation. The report further notes that such likelihood of internet shutdowns on a district-basis is 3% in states ruled by the said dispensation during any given month as opposed to only 0.8 percent in states not ruled by said dispensation. Even excluding the case of Jammu and Kashmir, the probability in districts of states governed by said dispensation remained as high as 1.7 percent as opposed to only 0.4 percent for districts not governed by said dispensation. To know about the political dispensation the report is referring to, click on "Read more"
SFLC.in provided research assistance to Dr. Ruijgrok in preparing this report.
India had highest number of Internet shutdowns at 109 in 2020
India reported the highest number or recorded Internet shutdowns last year, at 109 out of a total of 155 globally. This is the third consecutive year India has topped the global charts on this score, a new report by digital rights and privacy organisation Access Now has found. India was followed by Yemen with at least six shutdowns, Ethiopia with four, and Jordan three. India, Yemen, and Ethiopia had been among the worst disruptors of the internet in 2019, the report said. From Belarus to Bangladesh, authorities in 29 countries shut down or interfered with the internet at least 155 times in 2020, the report, "Shattered dreams and lost opportunities: A year in the fight to #KeepItOn," found.
Read the 2020 Access Now Report at https://www.accessnow.org/cms/assets/uploads/2021/03/KeepItOn-report-on-the-2020-data_Mar-2021_3.pdf
Internet Shutdowns costed India $2.8 billion in 2020
India has topped the list of restricting internet access to citizens more than any other country – over 75 times in 2020, which cost the economy $2.8 billion, says an annual report by Top10VPN, a UK-based digital privacy and security research group. Read the 2020 Top10VPN report at https://www.top10vpn.com/cost-of-internet-shutdowns/
This report published in January 2020 analyzes every major internet shutdown around the world in 2019 and reveals this cost to the global economy. Link - https://www.top10vpn.com/cost-of-internet-shutdowns/
Prepared by SFLC.IN, it is a list of resources in form of a Knowledge bank which will help in understanding Internet Shutdowns better. Link - https://sflc.in/sites/default/files/2020-01/SFLC.IN_Internet_Shutdowns_Knowledge_Bank_V1_070120.pdf
Living in Digital Darkness - A Handbook on Internet Shutdowns in India, May 2018
A report by SFLC.IN on the state of Internet shutdowns in India, analyzing its emergence as a public policy issue, governing laws, recorded instances, and impact among others. Link - https://sflc.in/sites/default/files/reports/Living%20in%20Digital%20Darkness%20-%20A%20Handbook%20on%20Internet%20Shutdowns%20in%20India%2c%20May%202018%20-%20by%20SFLCin.pdf
Measuring the economic impact of Internet Shutdowns in India, Indian Council for Research for International Economic Relations, this report was published in April 2018. Link - https://icrier.org/pdf/Anatomy_of_an_Internet_Blackout.pdf
Consolidated listing of all shutdowns in India recorded by SFLC.IN from 2012 till date for multiple reasons. This compilation(pdf) provides a list of these shutdowns alongwith the reasons assigned to the same.
SFLC.IN is the first Indian legal services organization that works exclusively on technology, law, and policy. As a not-for-profit organization engaged in the empowerment of Indian citizens about their digital freedom and rights, it operates as a collective, bringing together different stakeholders to a common platform to further the cause of digital rights. SFLC.in promotes innovation and open access to knowledge by helping policy makers make informed and just decisions regarding the use and adoption of technology. As of 2020, SFLC.in is the only Indian organization to be inducted as a member of the IFEX, a global network to defend the right to freedom of expression and information.
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